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Jayapura, Jubi – Juru Kampanye Hutan Papua Greenpeace Indonesia, Nicodemus Wamafma mengatakan 10,5 juta hektare hutan di Papua telah diberikan kepada investasi berbasis lahan. Lahan tersebut digunakan untuk perkebunan sawit, Hak Pengusahaan Hutan (HPH), dan Hutan Tanam Industri (HTI).
Nicodemus mengatakan hal tersebut dalam webinar “Bisnis Investasi Serta Perubahan Hak Atas Hutan dan Tanah Masyarakat Adat di Papua” yang diadakan Jaringan Kerja Rakyat (Jerat) Papua, Kamis (03/12/2020).
“Kurang lebih yang dicatat Greenpeace sampai hari ini adalah 10,5 juta hektare diberikan kepada investor, di Provinsi Papua kurang lebih 6,6 juta ha dan Papua Barat 3,9 juta ha,” ujarnya.
Untuk Provinsi Papua luas lahan kelapa sawit 2,5 juta ha, hak penguasahaan hutan 2,5 juta ha, dan hutan tanam industri 1,6 juta ha.
“Sedangkan di Papua Barat luas perkebunan sawit kurang lebih 569 ribu ha, hak penguasahaan hutan 3,3 juta ha, dan hutan tanam industri 100 ribu ha,” katanya.
Jumlah perkebunan sawit di Provinsi Papua lebih 100 ha, di Papua Barat kurang lebih 60 ha. Sedangkan HPH di Papua 20 ha dan Papua Barat 23 ha. Hutan tanaman industri di Papua 8 ha dan Papua Barat 1 ha.
“Itu semua sangat terkait dengan tanah dan hutan dari masyarakat adat dan totalnya sudah lebih 10,5 juta ha yang diberikan kepada investasi berbasis lahan,” ujarnya.
Menurut Nicodemus, dampak masuknya investasi berbasis lahan terjadi deforestasi atau penyusutan tutupan hutan. Periode 2011-2019 Greenpeace mencatat sekitar 400 ribu ha hutan yang habis atau dibabat untuk kepentingan investasi berbasis lahan.
“Ketika kita berbicara tentang berkurangnya tutupan hutan seperti ini, kita bisa bayangkan 400 ribu ha, kita bukan hanya bicara hutan, ada manusia Papua yang hidup di dalamnya, praktik kehidupannya, kebudayaannya, itu semua bergantung kepada hutan,” katanya.
Penyebab berkurangnya tutupan hutan, kata Nicodemus, karena ada beberapa program besar yang muncul di Tanah Papua yang juga bersamaan dengan Inpres percepatan pembangunan di Papua dan Papua Barat. Karena itu investasi berbasis lahan akan terus hadir di Tanah Papua.
“Program Papua Food Estate sedang didorong di dalam percepatan pembangunan Papua dan Papua Barat, itu sudah dimunculkan juga di dalam perencanaan Bapenas,” ujarnya.
Kemudian pemekaran kabupaten dan provinsi baru muncul, maka akan ada infrastruktur baru yang harus dibangun, seperti kantor-kantor, jalan-jalan, pasar, jembatan, dermaga-dermaga, dan bandara.
“Ini akan mengorbankan hutan Papua, dari seluruh proses kepentingan izin berbasis lahan yang masuk, investasi berbasis lahan masuk dan berbagai macam kebijakan pembangunan masuk,” katanya.
Pengakuan terhadap hak-hak masyarakat adat, kata Nicodemus, penting untuk mempertahankan manusia Papua dan hak-hak masyarakat adat atas tanah, hutan, dan sumber daya alamnya.
“Pengakuan itu menjadi kunci bagi mereka untuk bisa secara mandiri bebas-merdeka mengatur dan mengelola hutanya,” ujarnya.
Greenpeace, kata Nicodemus, selalu konsisten berbicara tentang hutan di Papua karena hutan Papua adalah hutan alam terakhir ketiga di dunia. Pertama hutan alam di lembah Amazon, Brasil dan kedua hutan alam di Kongo, Afrika.
“Hutan alam ketiga yang menjadi harapan untuk bumi adalah hutan alam yang ada di Papua, itulah kenapa kita selalu bicara tidak boleh ada penembangan hutan, tidak boleh ada lagi sawit,” katanya.
Maka itu, tambahnya, perlu didorong program-program pembangunan di Papua yang ramah lingkungan. Artinya, tidak boleh mengorbankan hutan di Papua.
“Pada Oktober 2018 di Manokwari sudah ada pertemuan antara masyarakat dan Pemerintah Provinsi Papua Barat, bersama-sama mendorong daerah konservasi di Papua Barat,” ujarnya.
Pemerintah Provinsi Papua juga perlu mendorong hal ini, sehingga komitmen 2100, di mana 90 persen adalah kawasan hutan, dari itu 70 persen adalah kawasan lindung, artinya sudah berpikir 2100 nanti, berharap hutan Papua harus ada seperti yang saat ini.
“Karena manusia Papua tidak mungkin hidup tanpa hutan karena seluruh praktek kehidupan harta kita itu hanyalah hutan, tanah dan sumber daya alam kita,” katanya.
Menurut Nicodemus, jika semua dibuka dan diberikan kepada pihak luar dengan alasan investasi, ekonomi, dan membuka isolasi daerah maka bisa dibayangkan apa yang terjadi di masa depan.
“Kita tidak punya harta yang lain, artinya masa depan anak, cucu, masa depan manusia Papua 100 sampai 200 tahun lagi, itu sangat bergantung pada bagaimana kita menjaga hutan dan sumber daya alam ini,” ujarnya.
Dewan Adat Papua Sayid Fadhal Alhamid mengatakan saat ini masyarakat adat menghadapi tantangan-tantangan, yakni regulasi yang tidak memihak, bahkan merugikan masyarakat adat, watak negara yang tidak demokratis, korupsi, dan abai terhadap hak-hak masyarakat adat.
“Hal ini yang di akhir-akhir membuat kehancuran hutan adat semakin luas, masif, dan menggerogoti di semua kewilayaan adat masyarakat Papua,” katanya.
Sayid mengatakan menghadapi tantangan ini harus ada upaya advokasi yang harus dilakukan masyarakat adat, LSM, dan pemerhati. Yakni peningkatan konsolidasi masyarakat adat, revalitasi tatanan adat, termasuk di dalamnya pemetaan batasan teritori dan batasan keret atau suku.
“Revalitasi tatanan adat penting supaya orang kembali melihat sebenarnya di dirinya ada nilai yang penting, tidak boleh dia tinggalkan, seperti jati diri,” ujarnya.
Kemudian perlu penguatan kapasitas masyarakat adat, baik kelembagaan dan individu. Juga penguatan kapisatas bagi yang membantu dan mendampingi masyarakat adat selama ini.
“Baik itu mahasiswa, LSM, pemerhati, itu juga perlu peningkatan kapasitas untuk bisa berkolaborasi dalam upaya-upaya advokasi,” katanya.
Selain itu memperluas dan memperbesar upaya-upaya advokasi melalui aliansi strategis dengan LSM dan institusi yang memihak kepada masyarakat adat. Baik dari tingkat lokal, regional, maupun sampai ke tingkat internasional. (CR-7)
Human damage to biodiversity is leading us into a pandemic era. The virus that causes COVID-19, for example, is linked to similar viruses in bats, which may have been passed to humans via pangolins or another species.
Environmental destruction such as land clearing, deforestation, climate change, intense agriculture and the wildlife trade is putting humans into closer contact with wildlife. Animals carry microbes that can be transferred to people during these encounters.
A major report released today says up to 850,000 undiscovered viruses which could be transferred to humans are thought to exist in mammal and avian hosts.
The report, by The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), says to avoid future pandemics, humans must urgently transform our relationship with the environment.
Humans costs are mounting
The report is the result of a week-long virtual workshop in July this year, attended by leading experts. It says a review of scientific evidence shows:
…pandemics are becoming more frequent, driven by a continued rise in the underlying emerging disease events that spark them. Without preventative strategies, pandemics will emerge more often, spread more rapidly, kill more people, and affect the global economy with more devastating impact than ever before.
The report says, on average, five new diseases are transferred from animals to humans every year – all with pandemic potential. In the past century, these have included:
- the Ebola virus (from fruit bats),
- AIDS (from chimpazees)
- Lyme disease (from ticks)
- the Hendra virus (which first erupted at a Brisbane racing stable in 1994).
The report says an estimated 1.7 million currently undiscovered viruses are thought to exist in mammal and avian hosts. Of these, 540,000-850,000 could infect humans.
But rather than prioritising the prevention of pandemic outbreaks, governments around the world primarily focus on responding – through early detection, containment and hope for rapid development of vaccines and medicines.
As the report states, COVID-19 demonstrates:
…this is a slow and uncertain path, and as the global population waits for vaccines to become available, the human costs are mounting, in lives lost, sickness endured, economic collapse, and lost livelihoods.
This approach can also damage biodiversity – for example, leading to large culls of identified carrier-species. Tens of thousands of wild animals were culled in China after the SARS outbreak and bats continue to be persecuted after the onset of COVID-19.
The report says women and Indigenous communities are particularly disadvantaged by pandemics. Women represent more then 70% of social and health-care workers globally, and past pandemics have disproportionately harmed indigenous people, often due to geographical isolation.
It says pandemics and other emerging zoonoses (diseases that have jumped from animals to humans) likely cause more than US$1 trillion in economic damages annually. As of July 2020, the cost of COVID-19 was estimated at US $8-16 trillion globally. The costs of preventing the next pandemic are likely to be 100 times less than that.
A way forward
The IPBES report identifies potential ways forward. These include:
• increased intergovernmental cooperation, such as a council on pandemic prevention, that could lead to a binding international agreement on targets for pandemic prevention measures
• global implementation of OneHealth policies – policies on human health, animal health and the environment which are integrated, rather than “siloed” and considered in isolation
• a reduction in land-use change, by expanding protected areas, restoring habitat and implementing financial disincentives such as taxes on meat consumption
• policies to reduce wildlife trade and the risks associated with it, such as increasing sanitation and safety in wild animal markets, increased biosecurity measures and enhanced enforcement around illegal trade.
Societal and individual behaviour change will also be needed. Exponential growth in consumption, often driven by developed countries, has led to the repeated emergence of diseases from less-developed countries where the commodities are produced.
So how do we bring about social change that can reduce consumption? Measures proposed in the report include:
- education policies
- labelling high pandemic-risk consumption patterns, such as captive wildlife for sale as pets as either “wild-caught” or “captive-bred” with information on the country where it was bred or captured
- providing incentives for sustainable behaviour
- increasing food security to reduce the need for wildlife consumption.
An Australian response
Australia was one of the founding member countries of IPBES in 2012 and so has made an informal, non-binding commitment to follow its science and policy evidence.
However, there are no guarantees it will accept the recommendations of the IPBES report, given the Australian government’s underwhelming recent record on environmental policy.
For example, in recent months the government has so far refused to sign the Leaders’ Pledge for Nature. The pledge, instigated by the UN, includes a commitment to taking a OneHealth approach – which considers health and environmental sustainability together – when devising policies and making decisions.
The government cut funding of environmental studies courses by 30%. It has sought to reduce so called “green tape” in national environmental legislation, and its economic response to the pandemic will be led by industry and mining – a focus that creates further pandemic potential.
Finally, Australia is one of few countries without a national centre for disease control and pandemics.
But there are good reasons for hope. It’s within Australia’s means to build an organisation focused on a OneHealth approach. Australia is one of the most biologically diverse countries on the planet and Australians are willing to protect it. Further, many investors believe proper environmental policy will aid Australia’s economic recovery.
Finally, we have countless passionate experts and traditional owners willing to do the hard work around policy design and implementation.
As this new report demonstrates, we know the origins of pandemics, and this gives us the power to prevent them.
Indonesia has added a grim new statistic to its COVID-19 fatality rates that are already among the highest in the world — a high ratio of doctor deaths amid warnings the country’s health system may not be able to cope with an “Italy-level outbreak”.
At least seven Indonesian doctors and one nurse have died of COVID-19 out of a total of 55 deaths — more than one in seven — across the archipelago, with the national doctors association blaming overwork and a lack of protective equipment. In Italy, where 5476 people have died of the coronavirus, 23 of them were doctors.
Medical workers across the country have been forced to don cheap plastic raincoats to protect themselves from the virus in hospitals already under strain, weeks before Indonesia’s expected caseload peaks.
Some 686 people have so far tested positive in Indonesia from fewer than 3000 tests, with the vast majority of cases in Jakarta where Governor Anies Baswedan has imposed a state of emergency, though the government has begun ramping up tests in recent days.
Modelling by Indonesian researchers suggests half the nation’s 267 million people could be infected in the next few months if Indonesia continues as it has — with little testing and no rigorous lockdowns. The figure far eclipses the government’s prediction of 700,000 COVID-19 caseload.
“In Italy, 4800 health workers were infected by coronavirus but in Indonesia we can’t afford a situation like that,” Indonesian Doctors Association spokesman Halik Malik said. “The system and the resources we have, in terms of funds, equipment and human resources, can’t handle an explosion of cases. We won’t be able to handle a worst-case scenario.”
The government has announced incentive payments for doctors and nurses and has begun distributing masks and other protective clothing after the air force picked up 105,000 pieces of protective clothing and rapid testing kits from Shanghai.
Nurses Association spokesman Harif Fadillah described the incentive payments as “ground-breaking”, particularly given nurses faced serious community discrimination. “Many nurses have been shunned by their boarding houses and some even kicked out of their rooms because people are afraid they bring the disease home,” he said.
Mr Harif said a one-off purchase of protective clothing would not meet ongoing demand, given predictions the Indonesian COVID-19 caseload is not expected to peak until the end of April.
Worst-case scenario modelling by Essex University professor of applied mathematics Hadi Susanto suggests if Indonesia locks down Jakarta — the epicentre of the outbreak — but does little else, infection rates could reach 50 per cent of the population and deaths into the millions before the Idul Fitri Muslim holiday in mid-May, when most Indonesians return to their home towns.
Without a lockdown, the scenario could be even more dire.
“Researchers usually like their calculations to be correct but in this case we don’t want our modelling to be right,” Professor Hadi told The Australian. “We do not want 1 per cent of 50 per cent of the infected population to die.”
Under Jakarta’s state of emergency, office hours are restricted, entertainment venues closed, mass gatherings banned and public transport curbed though that measure has had the perverse effect of forcing more commuters into fewer trains and buses. President Joko Widodo has urged all Indonesians to work, study and pray at home but on Tuesday once again ruled out a lockdown because of the strain it would put on tens of millions of working poor, calling instead for Indonesian to observe strict “physical distance”.
While the restrictions have had some impact on the usually smoggy capital, which enjoyed a rare blue sky day on Tuesday, millions of workers do not have the luxury of staying at home.
At central Jakarta’s Blue Sky travel, Yuli Farma told The Australian she and her colleagues had been told they could not work from home.
Gojek motorbike taxi driver Tunggal said he too had to keep working, despite his family’s fears that doing so could expose them all to the virus.
“If I don’t work, we don’t eat,” he said.
“In defence of decency, and for the future of socialism in Britain and around the world.”
We, members of the Progressive International, stand with Jeremy Corbyn as a genuine internationalist and inspiration to progressive forces around the world.
Jeremy Corbyn has been a champion of decency and an ally to all movements fighting racism, colonialism, and exploitation.
As leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn not only spoke out about the ills of anti-Semitism in British society broadly. He also took the issue of anti-Semitism in his own party seriously, listening to the concerns of Jewish constituents and improving the process for investigating and sanctioning cases of anti-Semitism.
As fierce opponents of anti-Semitism — and as an International that includes many Jewish members across the planet — we abhor the weaponization of Jewish pain against the project of socialism and the legacy of Jeremy Corbyn’s leadership in the United Kingdom.
The evidence of such efforts to weaponize the issue of anti-Semitism is clear. The majority of the British public now believe that a third of Labour Party members — a full 200,000 people — are the subject of anti-Semitism allegations. The truth is less than 2,000, less than 0.3 per cent of the party.
The campaign against the character of Jeremy Corbyn did not begin with the issue of anti-Semitism, and it will not end here. A principled defence of the Jewish community demands that we distinguish between genuine appreciation of the community’s pain and cynical attempts to ride it toward political reaction.
We, members of the Progressive International, know that Jeremy Corbyn is under attack because of his life-long fight to transform Britain, to dismantle empire, and to defend the rights to care, peace, and freedom.
We, members of the Progressive International, stand united in the defence of Jeremy Corbyn, in defence of decency, and for the future of socialism in Britain and around the world.
Former Ambassador of Argentina and Trade Union leader
Laureate Professor of Linguistics, University of Arizona
Founder-Member of Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS)
Former Senator, Australian Greens
Member of Parliament for Hayes and Harlington
Director of the Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research
Founder-Member, Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS)
Founder-President, Imagine Africa Institute
Author, Founder of Palestinian Festival of Literature
Member of the Hellenic Parliament and the Secretary-General of MeRA25
Plantain is a common garden herb with healing properties. Although many people refer to plantain as a weed, it’s actually an edible medicinal herb with a number of health benefits. You can use plantain leaf as a poultice for insect bites, a plantain tea to improve digestion or soothe bronchitis, or a healing plantain salve for helping wounds to heal quickly.
Many of the benefits of plantain herb come from its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Plantain leaf is also a good source of antioxidants, vitamin c, beta-carotene, and minerals such as calcium and potassium.Advertisement
Far from being an unwelcome weed in your yard, plantain herb should be prized for its medicinal uses.
In this article, you will learn about the many health benefits of plantain. You will also learn how to use plantain as a medicinal herb.
Why Plantain Is an Herb and Not a Weed
Plantain is called a weed because it is an invasive plant that can quickly take over a garden. However, plantain should be regarded as an herb due to its many health benefits. Plantain is among the edible weeds that are good for you.
You shouldn’t confuse plantain with a type of cooking banana that has the same name.
Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in most areas of the world. Other names for broadleaf plantain include common plantain, greater plantain and wild plantain. The ribwort plantain is related to the Plantago major. It has narrower leaves and sometimes called narrowleaf plantain.
The plantain plant has broad leaves that grow to around 2-4 inches wide. It is mostly the plantain leaf that contains many of its therapeutic benefits. However, plantain seeds are also used medicinally. (1, 2)
People say that plantain leaves taste similar to spinach or asparagus but with a slightly more bitter taste. Young plantain leaves are said to be the tastiest; whereas the broader and older plantain leaves taste bitter and have a fibrous texture.
Images of Plantain Plant (Plantago major)
Nutritional Benefits of Plantain Herb
Broadleaf plantain is an extremely nutritious wild herb that contains a number of bioactive compounds.
The journal Ecology of Food and Nutrition reports that plantain leaf is a good source of vitamin A and vitamin C. Plantain leaves also have calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and manganese. (3)
One of the reasons why plantain is a medicinal herb is that all parts of the plant – the leaves, roots, stems, flowers, and seeds – contain a lot of antioxidants. Flavonoids, polysaccharides, and caffeic acid are just a few of the phytochemicals in plantain. (4)Advertisement
Researchers say that plantain compounds are good for wound healing, reducing inflammation, managing diabetes, treating diarrhea, and killing germs. (4)
Benefits and Uses of Plantain Herb
Let’s look in more detail at how to use common plantain for its many health benefits.
Plantain Weed Can Boost Your Immunity
Wild plantain is an amazingly useful herb that can help in strengthening your immunity.
One study in the lab found that hot water extracts of plantain leaves have antiviral properties. (6)
You can take a few young plantain leaves to make a medicinal herb tea. Roughly chop the fresh leaves and put in a cup of boiling water, cover, and allow to steep for 10 minutes. Strain and add a teaspoon of raw honey when the tea has cooled down to increase the antimicrobial properties.
Consume the plantain tea to help fight infection whenever you have a cold or the flu.
Find out about more herbs and supplements to boost your immune system’s health naturally.
Plantain Herb has Antimicrobial Properties
Studies have found that plantain leaf extracts have good antimicrobial action. Tests in the lab have shown that compounds in plantain leaves can help to kill off various bacterial and viral pathogens. (7, 8)
You can drink plantain tea as a health tonic to improve your digestive health. Or, you can use plantain leaf tea as a cleansing skin tonic.
Plantain Herb Benefits Your Gastrointestinal Health Due to its Anti-Inflammatory Properties
One of the most popular uses for taking plantain leaf tea is to treat gastrointestinal disorders.
A 2017 survey found that herbal weeds such as plantain are good for digestion. Herbal digestive remedies can help to soothe intestinal pain and treat other symptoms of gastric upset. (9)
The astringent and cleansing effect of compounds in common plantain also helps resolve symptoms of diarrhea. (10)
Drink a cup of plantain leaf tea every day if you suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, indigestion, or heartburn.
Studies have shown that if you have abdominal pain from a peptic ulcer, then taking plantain tincture could help treat your ulcer. It is best to use leaf extract for gastric ulcers rather than seed extract. (11, 12)
Plantain Weed Promotes Good Liver Health
You can use plantain leaf to help protect the health and function of your liver.
The anti-inflammatory compounds in Plantago major (plantain) have many protective benefits for your liver. Lab tests have found that administering plantain extracts has many benefits as a liver tonic. (13)
Other studies involving rats found that plantain extracts may protect the liver from injury caused by painkillers. (14)
The best way to help improve your liver function is to consume 1 or 2 glasses of plantain leaf tea every day. At the end of the article, you can find out an easy recipe on how to make plantain tea.
You could also make plantain leaf juice by putting fresh plantain leaves through a juicer, or you could add a few leaves to your green smoothie recipe to get plantain’s protective properties that way.
To help keep your liver healthy, find out about the worst habits that damage your liver’s health. Avoiding these habits and consuming these proven foods to cleanse your liver will promote good liver health.
Plantain Leaf Is Good for Your Skin
Because plantain is an incredibly useful herb, you can also use plantain tea to cleanse and tone your skin.
Studies have shown that the skin benefits of plantain come from a number of antioxidant compounds. Plantain extracts contain anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and healing properties that are good for your skin. (15)
Ribwort plantain (narrowleaf plantain) is also classed as an herb that is good for the skin. Applying plantain to the skin also has astringent, soothing, and moisturizing properties. (16)
Here are a number of ways how plantain can benefit your skin:
Plantain for eczema. Soak some plantain leaves in water until soft and then mash into a pulp. Put the plantain pulp on your itchy red skin to help soothe pain, stop itching, and relieve inflammation.
Further reading: Natural eczema remedies that you can make at home.
Plantain for sunburn. Make a cup of plantain tea. Once the liquid has cooled, pour into a spray bottle. Spray the plantain remedy liberally over the irritated skin to help cool skin and relieve pain.
Further reading: Other ways to cure sunburn naturally.
Plantain for acne. Cleanse your skin regularly with plantain tea to help kill off germs and remove grime. Or, you could apply a little plantain tincture directly on the pustule or pimple to help reduce redness and speed up healing.
Further reading: The most effective acne face masks you can make at homeAdvertisement
Plantain for poison ivy or allergic skin reactions. Make a poultice (recipe at end of this article) and apply to the itchy hives or swollen skin until you get relief. Use plantain tea to cleanse the skin after removing the poultice to benefit your skin.
Plantain for spider bites and other insect bites. Make a plantain pulp with mashed up leaves and water. Apply the plantain poultice directly to the spider bite to relieve irritation, pain, and swelling.
Plantain Weed May Help Wounds Heal Faster
One of the benefits of using healing herbs such as plantain on your skin is to help promote wound healing.
One study on rats found that combining plantain tincture and aloe vera enhanced wounds healing. (17)
You could apply fresh plantain leaves to minor cuts or wounds to promote healing. Crush a washed plantain leaf to help release the healing compounds. Place over the minor cut for 10-15 minutes and repeat 3 or 4 times a day. Use the plantain remedy daily until the small wound has healed.
To treat small cuts, grazes, or wounds, you can also buy plantain healing salve from online stores (like this one) or health stores. Apply the plantain salve 3 times a day to encourage healthy wound healing.
You can also use plantain tea to wash and cleanse wounds in between changing dressings.
Learn how to care for wounds to minimize the risk of scars forming.
Use Plantain Herb to Improve Dental Health
Plantain weed is an herb that is extremely versatile and can help to keep your mouth free from plaque and bacteria.
Scientific studies indicate that using plantain leaf tea could help to promote good oral health. Some compounds in medicinal herbs such as plantain have antibacterial activity against plaque-forming bacteria. (18)
Other studies have shown that plantain herb benefits dental health because it can help to reduce the number of tooth cavities due to its anti-bacterial effect. (19)
Because some of the medicinal uses of plantain include killing off microbes, you can use a plantain tea mouth rinse to help treat gum inflammation, toothache, and mouth ulcers.
Swish plantain tea around your mouth for 1-2 minutes to help kill off bacteria before spitting out.
You can also use plantain tea as a gargle to help treat a sore throat. Add a few drops oforegano oil to the plantain gargle to help boost its antimicrobial power and reduce painful inflammation. Gargle for 30 seconds and spit out. Repeat 2 or 3 times a day to help eliminate throat infections.
Plantain Can Help Reduce Cholesterol
Some scientific studies on animal subjects have suggested that extracts from the plantain plant may have a cholesterol-lowering effect. Plantain leaf and plantain seed extracts help to bring down cholesterol levels. (20, 21)Advertisement
If you need to address issues of cholesterol, find out about simple and effective waysto bring down your cholesterol levels to improve your cardiovascular health.
Plantain May Help Treat Kidney Stones
Apart from helping to improve kidney function, regularly drinking plantain tea could help prevent kidney stones from forming.
Some studies suggest that extracts from plantain leaf are better than some traditional kidney stone remedies. (22)
To help flush out kidney stones and increase urine output, drink 1-2 glasses of plantain tea daily.
Learn more about why apple cider vinegar is also a good natural remedy for kidney stones.
Plantain May Be Good for Parasite Infections
The results of some laboratory experiments have shown that plantain extracts could help get rid of parasites.
One test in the lab showed that plantain extracts have anti-parasitic activity against the Giardia parasite. Plantain extracts are also used in traditional medicine for treating parasite infections. (24, 25)
While there are no studies showing if common plantain can eradicate parasites in humans, there are still a number of health benefits of regularly consuming plantain leaf tea.
Plantain is Good for Treating Respiratory Tract Infections
You can also use wild plantain herb to treat infections such as bronchitis, tonsillitis, the common cold, and sinusitis.
Researchers have found that using plantain for upper respiratory tract infections can help to soothe coughing, boost immunity, and reduce inflammatory responses. (26)
You can also drink plantain tea to help manage the symptoms of chronic bronchitis. (27)
When you need to clear sinuses, get rid of a cough, or get relief from the flu, consume a cup of warm plantain tea. Put 1 teaspoon of dried plantain herb in a cup of boiling water, cover, and allow to infuse for 15 minutes. Add a spoon of raw honey to help get rid of your infection quicker and consume 3 times a day.
Find out what else you can do to clear up a chest infection quickly.
Plantain Weed Might Have Anticancer Properties
Although more research on plantain weed is required, there is some evidence that this healing herb has potential in treating cancer.
A 2017 study found that extracts from plantain seed may have anticancer and anti-inflammatory activity. (28)
Another test tube study in laboratory conditions found that extracts from various species of Plantago plants have potential use in cancer treatment. (6)
Further reading: The Anti-Cancer Diet: Cancer Fighting Foods to Help Prevent Cancer(Evidence Based).
How to Use Plantain Herb for Healing
It is very easy to make your own plantain leaf tea from this medicinal herb. Because common plantain grows wild in many places, it shouldn’t be too difficult to find fresh leaves.
How to make plantain tea
To make your own health-boosting plantain leaf infusion, this is what you should do:
- Wash and roughly chop 1 cup of fresh plantain leaves.
- Put in a heatproof bowl that has a lid.
- Pour over 4 cups of boiling water, cover, and leave until cold.
- Strain the liquid and store in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.
You can drink 1-2 cups of plantain tea daily to benefit from its healing power. You can also use this tea topically to cleanse your skin, help clear up acne breakouts, and promote healthy wound healing.
You can also use the leftover leaves from the plantain tea to apply to pimples, wounds, insect bites, and sunburn to help your skin heal without scarring.
How to make a plantain poultice
A poultice made from crushed plantain leaves can help to soothe pain and reduce inflammation caused by bites, allergic skin reactions, or irritated skin.
To make a healing plantain poultice, this is what you should do:
- Pick and wash a few fresh plantain leaves.
- Crush them between your palms or chop the leaves to create a mash.
- Place the plantain poultice on the inflamed bite, pustule, or cut and loosely cover with a bandage.
- The enzymes in the plantain leaves should help to soothe pain, reduce inflammation, and start the healing process.
- Reapply the healing poultice when the remedy has dried out.
Precautions When Using Plantain Leaf
It is generally safe to use plantain leaf tea or a plantain leaf poultice for medicinal purposes.
Doctors from WebMD advise that people with a pollen or melon allergy should avoid using remedies made from plantain. Also, plantain tea, tinctures, or tonics may not be safe to take if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. (29)
When picking wild plantain leaves, always ensure that no chemicals or pesticides have been used on them. Always thoroughly wash the leaves before using them to make tea or a poultice.
A new Filipino law requires all graduating high school and college students to plant at least 10 trees each before they can graduate.
The law formalises a tradition of planting trees upon graduation, which is also hoped to simultaneously combat global climate change.
The proponents of the law say the legislation could result in as many as 525 billion trees planted in a generation if it is properly adhered to.
The Philippines’ Magdalo Party representative Gary Alejano, who was the principal author of the legislation, said: “With over 12 million students graduating from elementary and nearly five million students graduating from high school and almost 500,000 graduating from college each year, this initiative, if properly implemented, will ensure that at least 175 million new trees would be planted each year.
“In the course of one generation, no less than 525 billion can be planted under this initiative,” Mr Alejano said in the bill’s explanatory note.
“Even with a survival rate of only 10 per cent, this would mean an additional 525 million trees would be available for the youth to enjoy, when they assume the mantle of leadership in the future.”
The trees will apparently be planted in mangroves, existing forests, some protected areas, military ranges, abandoned mining sites and selected urban areas, according to CNN’s Philippines news service.
The government said the species selected for planting must be appropriate to each location, climate and topography of the area and there will also be a preference for indigenous species.
In addition to the immediate carbon-absorbing impact of the trees, it is hoped the legislation will help bring environmental understanding to future generations and lead to further ecological initiatives.
The country’s Department of Education and the Commission on Higher Education will together implement and ensure compliance with the bill.
The Philippines is one of the world’s most severely deforested countries with total forest cover dropping from 70 per cent to just 20 per cent during the 20th century. Illegal logging remains a problem for the country and the lack of trees in some areas has exacerbated the risk and the impacts of floods and landslides.